One of the main principles in modernphysics is that theres no ultimate time. And Im not even talking about relativitymaking time go at different rates if youre vanishing near light speed I time mean thatany time is as good as any other to set your clock to zero. The predictions of physics work all the same, and its not like theres some absolute starting time I intend, in case there is, time areas wouldnt undertaking! In addition to allowing time regions, the factthat theres no ultimate age also implies the law of conservation of energy. Heres a simple proof to show that if aforce doesnt depend explicitly on time, then that force keeps vitality! First, conserving vigour precisely means that theresa certain number, called the energy, which doesnt mutate as meter surpass if youcompare the energy at two different times youll ascertain no gap. And the total energy of a system is the sumof its exertion of motion, or kinetic energy, and its exertion due to sentiment the potentialenergy. So all we need is to find the change in kineticand potential exertions over term, and contributed them up! Ok, we know the kinetic energy of an objectis half of its mass occasions its velocity squared.So the change in kinetic energy over timeis just one half m meters the difference of the squares of the velocities. Some inventive algebra can rearrange this expressionto become the average velocity duration m eras the CHANGE in velocity. But a change of velocity over experience is justan acceleration, and mass goes acceleration is equal to the force on the objective. So the change in kinetic energy of an objectover go is just velocity meters force. On the other hand, the change in the potentialenergy of an objective is negative the amount of work it takes to get the object to itscurrent position from its previous position independent of the move made that is, potential intensity is the negative of the security forces exerted seasons the change in position. This is where the theres no absolutetime constituent comes into play you cant have possible force for a violence that changesover time. And really to be clear , no changing overtime doesnt mean that an object cant know a changing push along the courseof its jaunt: the force might be different at different places, but at any particularplace, the force must remain the same.Anyway, this thing is time be mentioned that the changein capability exertion is negative F era the change in position. The negative comes from the fact that if youlet the force push you along your possible energy abates, while if you crusade in oppositionto the force your potential energy increases. So the change in potential energy over timeis the negative of the force durations the change in position over experience, but change in positionover time is velocity! Which represents change in potential energy ofan object over term is negative velocity days action. And thus the change in the total energy overtime, which is the sum of the changes in the kinetic and potential powers over occasion, is v* F plus negative v* F, which equals zero! And zero change in energy over time is preciselyconservation of energy! All for the same reason that time regions manipulate. This video is introduce into you in part by Audible.com, the leading provider of audiobooks across all types of literature, including fiction, nonfiction and periodicals.If you go to audible.com/ minutephysics, youcan try audible out by downloading a free audiobook of your pick. I’d like to recommend the book Unruly Places: Lost Room, Secret Metropolis, and Other Inscrutable Geographies by Alastair Bonnett[ called Offthe Map in the UK] it’s a expedition of all sorts of weird, vacated or disdained placesaround the world, from the unrecognized selfdeclared island nation of Sealand to traffic islands, and beyond. Again, you can download your free audiobookat audible.com/ minutephysics and thanks to audible for the assistance me followed up with originate thesevideos. As a followup, Ill been recognized that I skimmedover some details in this derivation and its much easier to do with calculus. You exactly have to know that the time derivativeof kinetic energy is m durations v occasions a which is F* v, and the time derivative of potentialenergy is F goes dx/ dt, or F* v, and so the time derivative of the total energy, dE/ dt, is F* vF* v= 0, which signifies vitality doesnt change over time. And as a final followup, the most legit androbust version of this proof as it applies to ALL OF PHYSICS is called Noethers theorem, discovered by Emmy Noether in 1915. Its beautiful physics ..
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